„Out-of Gaza We travelled to the metropolis away from Abraham [Hebron], the fresh mosque from which is of female, however, nice, design, imposing and you will loft, and built from squared stones. . . They claim one to Solomon asked the new jinn to construct it. „(Gibb, p. 55.)
Inside it is the sacred cave that contains this new graves away from Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob, contrary being around three graves, being those of its wives
Within this section, you will see a great deal throughout the Islam! Before you learn about Ibn Battuta’s excursion, you will need specific record regarding the essential prophets he will inform regarding. Have you figured out in the Abraham? Perhaps you have observed Adam and eve and their sons Cain and you can Abel? Do you realize regarding Prophet Muhammad? This type of and others might be produced contained in this chapter.
Ibn Battuta remaining Cairo and you will lead in order to Damascus, Syria along side Regal Path. The brand new Mamluk authorities planned caravans to carry pilgrims and you can resellers together it path. Brand new Mamluks examined passports, taxed the fresh resellers, and purely tracked who was going in and you may from their region.
That it the main Mamluk Empire was into the brutal fights having Mongol Intruders. Out-of 1260 into very early 1300s, the fresh Mamluk warriors managed to push the latest Mongol armies away off Damascus and you may north Syria, and you will left her or him away from taking Egypt and you will Palestine. New Mongols had bought out Baghdad and much of your Abbasid Empire because of the 1258 trapping and destroying locations because they went.
Brand new Mamluk armies secure the latest empire and you may remaining discover new trade paths therefore the pilgrimage paths. Along you to definitely area of the station soldiers on the horseback pulled carpeting or mats to help you smooth the newest sand per night. Next morning brand new soldiers sought after anyone who got remaining tunes in the mud, pursued him or her and penalized him or her severely.
Damascus is eg another investment on the Mamluk, an effective urban area you to definitely Ibn Battuta simply had to get a hold of! Away from Damascus he could connect with a Hajj caravan and you will complete his stop by at Mecca safely. But there were other holy web sites to see about this part from their trip: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and a lot more!
And you can a blast of pilgrims concerned these towns and cities under the protection of one’s Mamluk Sultan
This might be a map of your own Mamluk Empire therefore the Mongol Khanates in the 12 months 1294. For folks who compare which towards chart off Ibn Battuta’s visits, you will notice one by the point Ibn Battuta embarked to your their trip from inside the 1325, the brand new Mamluks got forgotten territory with the Mongols. Notice the fresh new shifted edging in neuro-scientific progressive-go out Iraq.
Hebron was a good holy web site for Muslims, Christians, and you will Jews because it’s the newest burial place of one’s „fathers” otherwise „patriarchs” away from monotheism (religion in one Jesus): Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob. Close Hebron are other holy web sites, including the burial place out of Package.
They state one to Muhammad himself went along to this holy website (and additionally Bethlehem) so you can hope for the his Night Travels, deciding to make the internet a great deal more holy and you will value pilgrimage.
„Away from Gaza We visited the town away from Abraham [Hebron], the mosque of which was out of feminine ifnotyounobody nÃ¡vÅ¡tÄ›vnÃkÅ¯, but good, structure, imposing and you will loft, and you can created out-of squared stones. . . They do say one to Solomon required the fresh jinn to construct it. ” [Gibb, p. 55.]
He then found its way to Jerusalem which had been a tremendously small-town at that time, that have a population out of only about 10,one hundred thousand. „Its defensive wall space were in ruins, part of its water supply needed to be introduced. also it is actually located on nothing of your own extremely important trading pathways. ” [Dunn, p. 56.] But really, for its very important shrines and you may sanctuaries, it was an important part of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: „God ennoble [Jerusalem] – 3rd within the excellence adopting the one or two sacred Mosques [away from Mecca and you may Medina] and the host to ascension of the Apostle out-of Jesus [Muhammed] – God-bless your and give him peace – whence he had been trapped with the eden.”[Gibb, p. 77.] Right here he visited new Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque and also the Dome of the Material. The brand new gold-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque are manufactured in 691 across the from the Dome from the new Material.